Humans migrated to North America Due to climatic change in their original land which was too harsh for them to bear thus went

Chapter 1

Q.1 Humans migrated to North America Due to climatic change in their original land which was too harsh for them to bear thus went hunting. They wandered into the west in 1500BC while hunting a big game.

Q.2 The differences include, the Great Plains bison hunters did hunting as the major source of food where buffaloes were hunted, women did most of the work at home while men went gathering and men wore bison skin. The great basin, on the other hand, were both hunters and gatherers where they hunted rabbits, duck, and antelopes and gathered seeds, berries, and roots. They did not put on clothes most of the time though they wore rabbit skin during the winter. The eastern Woodland were gatherers who gathered seeds berries and nuts as their food. Men cleared the land while women did cultivation. They wore clothes made of mammal, birds and fish skins especially skin with fur.

Q.3 It made it hard for the conquered people to rebel since there was a redistribution of wealth from the poor to the rich which left the conquered poor.

Chapter 2

Q.4 Factors that led to the European exploration include; The economic situation which made them send ships around the world, they wanted to spread the word across the world thus they were religiously motivated. The general mindset of their wealth and European supremacy made them believe they needed to conquer the world.

Q.5 The Treaty of Tordesillas was an agreement between the Portuguese and the Spanish that aimed at settling conflicts on the land that was newly discovered by Christopher Columbus and other Voyagers.

Q.6 The European Nations that actively explored the new world was, Spain, Portugal, France, Netherlands, and England.

Q.7 The role of Catholic missionaries to the New World was to spread Christianity and pioneer the conversion of Americans and other indigenous people into the Christian religion.

Chapter 3

Q.8 The role of Tobacco in Chesapeake colonies was a major economic force that led to the rise of the Tobacco Lords and Chesapeake consignment system as the leaf demand, slave labor demand and global economy were increasing.

Q.9 Some of the features of indentured servitude in the Chesapeake included, the servants were not permanent laborers and servants worked along the rivers or near the Atlantic coast. It was characterized by cheap labor where, servants worked for seven years in exchange of rooms, boards and freedom dues.  

Q.10 Lord Baltimore left England since he felt Catholics desire was right thus left to help them by becoming their leader and in turn, he could do this by establishing their new colony.

Q.11 Bacon’s Rebellion is significant because threatened the government of civil war and the ruling class was now worried. It pushed elite Virginia towards a harsher and rigid system of slavery. It was the first rebellion which involved blacks and whites thus it hastened the rigidity of racial lines dealing with slavery.

Q.12 The goals of Pueblo Revolt was to expel out the Spanish colonizers and attain self-rule by teaching the Spanish a lesson.

Q.13 Colonies shifted to slave labor since it gave them more profits by producing more crops, also, unlike the servants, the slaves could not gain freedom thus they fully dictated them.

Chapter 7

Q.1 The Second Continental Congress major accomplishment was they established a continental army where General Washington was made the General. It also did see the declaration of the United States independent free from Britain.

Q.2 Paine’s main argument was on independence and the need to create a democratic republic. Common sense wanted the people in the colonies to fight against the harsh government.

Q.3 White women went to work in the vacant positions left by men who had gone to fight in the war. Women took jobs in defense plants and manufacturing factories.

Q.4 A loyalist will become a traitor when he is given commands, and his personal conflicts lead him to betray the country. This is as per the case of Arnold in the American Revolution.

Q.5 the Native Americans sided with colonist since they were promised trade expansion and protection of the Indian land. They kept pushing for westward and north expansion into the Indian lands.

Q.6 The British lost because of; 1.the French united to help the Americans which made them stronger. 2. The lack of loyalist support as evident in the southern theatre, 3. Te varied parliament opinions over the war, and lastly, they failed to disband Washington’s army why was optimistic, persevered and were not willing to give up.

Q.7 The period of enlightenment was when the Americans had begun to question how things were carried out. Philosopher Locke idea on natural human rights made the Americans wake up by realizing they were being deprived of their rights thus decided to revolt. Also, John Locke was an enlightenment to the people with the idea the two treaties that the citizens had the right to revolt whenever they felt the government was going against their rights. Jean Rousseau idea on social contrast also opened Americans’ mind, and they sow the need to revolt with the movement of popular sovereignty. The Americans felt the government had gone astray and there was a need to revolt and abolish it due to the ideas instilled to them by Thomas Jefferson, Jean Rousseau and John Locke.

Chapter 8.

Q.8 Shays rebellion was important as it highlighted the weaknesses of the Articles Of Confederation since the government was unable to pull it down. This was the major factor that led to the writing of the new Constitution.

Q.9 the differences are; the Articles of Confederation established a Unicameral Legislature while the Constitution established a bicameral legislature.

Appointment of members of Congress in the Articles of Confederation was between two and seven members per state while in the constitution provided for two senators per state and legislators appointed as per states population.

In the articles voting was one vote per state but the constitution voting was one vote for each member of the Congress.

The constitution established an executive branch of the government which in turn will have a figurehead department to handle matters of public scrutiny which was lacking in the Articles of Confederation.

Q.10 The greatest legacy of the Antifederalists is based on the state rights and the bill of rights where they debated on the powers that the Federal government should have, and criticism of the office of the President devolving into a Monarchy. They were against the strong powers the central government could have as per the constitution. They reigned the government by giving a guarantee to certain rights to the people.

Q.11 The difference between democracy and republicanism is that I democracy, the delegation of the government is according to a small number of citizens elected by the rest while republicanism the sphere of the country is greater when the number of citizens is large which the latter may be increased or extended.

Q.12 Events leading to the ratification of the constitution

Shay’s rebellion,

The Virginia Plan,

end of the revolutionary war made it easier to see weaknesses,

Annapolis, Maryland meeting

The first state constitution.

Shay’s Rebellion

Daniel Shay was a landless farm laborer during the American Revolution who was born in Massachusetts in 1747. He led a group of farmers to a rebellion that took his name ‘Shays Rebellion.’ According to me, Daniel Shay was right to rebel since Him, and the farmers had similar grievances that would only be addressed by the government through a rebellion. Also, Shay was right to rebel since the rebellion led to rectification of the Articles of Confederation which saw the new constitution.

Daniel joined a local militia to fight during the American Revolution, in the course of the revolution he was wounded but never compensated. On his return to Brookfield, his home he discovered that he had court cases for not being able to pay his debts. He also discovered other farmers were facing the same issue of no payment yet they were supposed to pay bills, debts and support their lives. Teaming up to petition for debt relief saw no success which revoked the Shay rebellion which was from 1786 to 1787 CITATION Mic p pg.12 l 2057 (Burgan pg.12). From this, Captain Shay was justified to lead the rebellion. The rebellion was addressing the grievances of rural laborers and the corruption by the leaders of Massachusetts.

Shay’s rebellion motivated other uprisings which led to the government and people questioning whether the governments formed after the Revolution would survive. It is through this alarming event that the States realized the weakness in the Articles of Confederation which gave them limited powers. As a result of the rebellion, the constitution gave the States the power to suppress such rebellions and revoke future violence CITATION Roc p pg.54 l 2057 (Brynner pg.54). Daniel Shay on the other saw the positive impact of the rebellion where in 1788 he was pardoned by Massachusetts, and he was able to return home from his hiding place CITATION Mic p “pg. 44” l 2057 (Burgan pg. 44). To add on that, he was later paid for his five years of service in the central army. Conclusively, this justifies his reason to rebel since his problems were addressed, the Congress addressed weaknesses in the articles of confederation, and a new constitution was formed.

Works Cited

BIBLIOGRAPHY Brynner, Rock. “Fire beneath our feet” : Shays’ Rebellion and its constitutional impact. Ph. D. Columbia University 1993, n.d.

Burgan, Michael. Shays’ Rebellion. Minneapolis, Minn.: Compass Point Books, ©2009., n.d.