How people define the term Globalization


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GlobalizationGlobalization is a term that is widely used but many people seem to understand it differently although the meaning is always closely related. According to “Oxford Dictionaries,” globalization is “the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale” (Web). On the other hand, “Macmillan Dictionary” defines globalization as “the idea that the world is developing a single economy and culture as a result of improved technology and communications and the influence of very large multinational corporations” (Web). Globalization is a common term used in describing things taking place as a result of current technological advancement especially things that have enhanced integration of different countries. Many intellectual imaginations have been gripped by the concept of globalization and most people commonly pursue a perception that globalization is an analytical prerequisite used in appreciating continuousness and adjustment of contemporary society.

Globalization has gained popularity in different fields including political and academic spectrum because of its relevance to the growing trend, which has heightened the current propagation of the global discussion. This further signifies the impact of the contemporary social relation and the fact that there is a common and new character shared within the society because of the relevancy and the context of the term to the society. Many fields have incorporated the word globalization in their studies and event tried to relate numerous phenomenon with it. There are many different concepts and meanings of globalization as per different scholars, laymen and in political spectrum that sound almost similar.

Some people define globalization as westernization implying a concept of transformation of the social structure of modernity to all humanity while extinguishing preexistent culture as well as self-rule. It is presumed that globalization is colonization and Americanization thus positioning it as a hegemonic discourse by some critics that it is just a philosophy of hypothetical advancement concealing far reaching. Proponents of globalizations westernization argue that globalization has led to transformations such as rationalist knowledge, capitalist production, as well as technological advancements as modernity while early global consciousness prompted the onset of modernity.

Indeed, contemporary globalization has played an integral role in the modern and western social relations in as much as it has associated itself with violent impositions that may mean imperialism. The Western Europe and North America have undeniably transformed humanity and various institutions worldwide although modernity and western civilization have been in existence even before contemporary globalization. Additionally, globalization may also take nonwestern direction such as Confucian, Islamic, or even future postmodern globalizations. Westernization, modernization, and modernization have had longer history compared to globalization unless the current forms of globalism can be analyzed in terms of a specific aspect of modernity.

Moreover, there are other people who define globalization as internalization which implies enhancement of transactions and interdependence amongst countries and therefore a more global world is characterized by more ideas, information, merchandise, finances and investments. In this case, globalization is measured in terms of cross border activities including foreign investments, foreign travel, and membership to some international bodies. In addition, globalization has largely been measured and compared with indicators on a territorial basis in such a way that a country can be termed as either more or less globalized than others. Globalization as an internationalization does not include much of intellectual and political reasoning but seems very attractive since it represents an ontological and methodology ground of international relations.

By considering globalization as internalization, some other things that may be integrated such as worldwide economics, politics, and culture also mean international economics, politics, and culture respectively. This concept stresses on international interdependence, which is regarded as a contemporary state system as well as the world economy that recedes and moves over a period hence incorporating an idea of historical repetition. Investment, migration and all those things comprising globalization were noted in the past and what is currently experienced is an absolute repetition. However, the question is why the change of the vocabulary if at all the meaning and the context of a term such as internationality is consistent and applicable. Moreover, argument that world social relations can only be organized based on state governments and national communities and that internationality tends to ignore and marginalize other groups or mode of governance is debatable.

I view globalization as a technological change and integration of the society, a situation that is evident in almost every aspect of life currently. Globalization makes it easy to do business and interact in different perspectives including trade or in handling social or human challenge such as global warming. Globalization entails key issues affecting the society in both constructive and critical manner and further adds value towards understanding social relations. I also think that many countries have benefited from globalization such as China and India because they are able to enjoy the benefits of international market. Globalization may largely benefit an individual country due to increased market for exports. The effect of globalization is therefore very intense and has positively developed most of the world economies especially countries that were once considered poor.

Works Cited

“Macmillan Dictionary.” Globalization, 2014. Web. 9 Apr. 2014.

“Oxford Dictionaries.” Globalization, 2014. Web. 9 Apr. 2014.