Hospital Database

Hospital Database


TOC o “1-3” h z u Introduction PAGEREF _Toc381007343 h 1Fundamentals of database characteristics and structure PAGEREF _Toc381007344 h 1Medical data and information records relevant to the project PAGEREF _Toc381007345 h 2Importance of uniform terminology, coding and standardization of the data PAGEREF _Toc381007346 h 3Information standards and organizations applicable for the project PAGEREF _Toc381007347 h 3

IntroductionDue to the rapid increase in technology development, most organizations use databases as a way of recording and keeping their information. In the past, managers would record and enter data manually to the systems. However, there are some organizations that still rely in gathering information and feeding them manually to the systems while maintaining some soft copies and files that are stored according to each department. Databases are usually designed in a way it can offer organized a good mechanism for storage, and for retrieving information. Consequently, this paper analyzes the fundamentals of the database characteristics and structures, types of medical data records that are relevant to the project being implemented and the importance of uniform terminology, coding and standardization of the data. The paper also analyzes various information standards that are applicable for the project.

It sometimes becomes hard for an organization to enter data or information one by one more so when the organization tends to have very large data which needs to be inputted. For example keeping records for patients in hospitals happens to be the most challenge tasks that doctors face. Entering patients information as well as keeping their records is a tiresome job, therefore the best way of doing it much faster is by implementing or developing information systems that will make work easier and quicker (Rob & Coronel, 2002).

Fundamentals of database characteristics and structureDatabases are powerful tools that provide organizations with the information concerning all the activities performed. Databases help in keeping tracks of the inventory, billing, the payroll, and records of patients. For every company across the world, databases are very essential, in that, it allows the health or other organization database technician to edit and delete any information that looks ambiguous or add data that is important to the company. Databases are organized in a structured form, which include tables and indexes where tables are used to store data in the database. Organizations with databases tend to have data that are secured and cannot get accessed by unauthorized people. Databases also enhances speed to those firms that use it, computers are capable of restoring stored data as well as, upgrading it faster as compared to a normal human being who does it manually (Rob & Coronel, 2002).

Medical data and information records relevant to the projectThere are various medical data and information record that will be relevant to the database information system being implemented. The database information system will help to store all the records of all patients visiting the hospital. Medical data and information records that include, the names, address, age, gender and the categories of diseases should be entered correctly to the database for easy retrieval. The medical data and information records should be organized by the doctors to ensure that the information entered is of high quality, accurate, and can be easily accessed. Security should also be enhanced to limit people from accessing the whole database, because some people who are not health information technicians can delete the information within database. Patients are classified and categorized for reimbursement purposes in order to maintain the patients’ medical along with their treatment histories.

Importance of uniform terminology, coding and standardization of the data

A uniform terminology, coding and standardization of the data are designed to describe the care and the treatment of the patients. They support the records and reports for the patients’ care. Organizations within the healthcare industry should work with coded and standards of data as their sources for determining the reimbursement. Coded and standard of data are important in that, it provides an information with the highest quality for the reported information, not just for the reimbursement-related data. Coding also forms part of the current moves towards the implementation of standardized languages used for health purposes (Sciore, 2009).

Information standards and organizations applicable for the project

National Information Standard Organization (NISO) is one of the organizations that may be applicable when developing the database for information system. This body defines how computers can communicate by sharing resources for information retrieval. Implemented systems enable to access multiple systems by providing the end-user with a transparent access of other systems.


Rob, P., & Coronel, C. (2002). Database systems: design, implementation, and management (5th ed.). London, MA: Course Technology.

Connolly, T. M., & Begg, C. E. (2002). Database systems: a practical approach to design, implementation, and management (3rd ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.

Sciore, E. (2009). Database design and implementation. London: John Wiley & Sons.