Hazard Vulnerability Matrix

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Hazard Vulnerability Matrix

Prevention refers to those measures that have been put into place to avert a natural occurrence or a prospective hazard from causing some harm to the individuals or the commercial properties. Disasters do happen, and they are common in the developing nations, and hence prevention is thus the most critical aspects in managing emergencies. Prevention preparation is centered on two main issues: identification of the hazard, which refers to the proper identification of the actual threats facing a specific community or a populace in a given country. The other aspect is vulnerability assessment which means evaluating the risk as well as the capability of a particular society to handle the effects of the adversity when it occurs. Hazard plus vulnerability typically results in a risk (Blaikie et al., p.32). Thus disaster prevention denotes to the procedures that are taken to eradicate the root causes that result to the individuals in a given community to be prone or vulnerable to disasters. Hazard is an occasional or a life-threatening event that occurs in the ordinary or humanoid made environment, and it severely affects, property but more so human life is lost to the extent of leading to a disaster.

These issues need to be tackled through mitigation which is coming up with a long lasting lessening of the jeopardy of a disaster. Consequently, there is a need for applying the hazard vulnerability matrix which typically lists the probability, impact, frequency as well as the distribution of disasters. This helps to come up with possible measures of preparing for the hazardous disasters when they occur. Mitigation comprises two significant elements: primary mitigation and secondary mitigation. Primary mitigation is decreasing the opposition of the hazard and also diminishing the vulnerability. The secondary mitigation denotes to decreasing the special effects of the hazard (Paustenbach and Dennis, p.17). Therefore in simple terms mitigation comprises of recognizing that disasters will happen and hence attempts and efforts are exerted to reduce the detrimental effects of the catastrophe projected to occur. Also, their impact on the human misery besides the economic assets are limited.

Works Cited

Blaikie, Piers, et al. At risk: natural hazards, people’s vulnerability and disasters. Routledge, 2004.

Paustenbach, Dennis J., ed. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: Theory and Practice (Wiley Classics Library). John Wiley & Sons, 2015.