Has Chris contravened any of the provisions of Pt 2D.1 or Pt 2E.1 of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth)

a. Has Chris contravened any of the provisions of Pt 2D.1 or Pt 2E.1 of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth)?

Generally speaking, the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) is the primary piece of law in Australia that regulates corporate entities (mainly companies). Company creation and operation (in combination with a company’s constitution, which may be approved by the company), the obligations of officers, takeovers, and fundraising are all governed by the Corporations Act.

Regarding use of position in civil obligations, Chris contravened Pt 2D.1 of the Corporation Act 2001 (Cth). As a director, Chris improperly used his position to gain an advantage at Landlord while working for Blue. While Chris adhered to Pt 2D.1 sections 191 and 192 by giving other directors notice regarding his interest in Landlord and through disclosing material personal interest in Landlord, he contravened in the interaction of sections 192 and 191 with other laws, specifically in section 182, section 185, and section 189 regarding information provided by AAB. Similarly, Chris contravened provisions of Pt 2D.1 section 194 regarding voting and the completion of transactions at Blue. Chris has material personal interest in Blue and Landlord. Despite adhering to Section 191, he contravenes section 182, section 185, and section 189, thereby requiring him not to vote on the matter.

Further, Chris contravened provisions of Pt 2E.1 of the Corporation Act 2001 regarding the need for a member to seek approval for financial benefit. Being a public company, Blue’s issuance of a financial benefit to Landlord, with Chris being a majority shareholder in the latter, required approval of the members of Blue as set out in section 217 and section 227. Additionally, Chris failed to give benefit within 15 months after the approval as required by Pt 2E.1.

b. Can the general meeting reverse the board’s decision? If so, how?

The meeting can reverse the board’s decision. This can be done by showing that Chris, by extension all other directors, did not act in good faith of Blue and its shareholders in its decision to provide benefits to Landlord.

A section of the Corporations Act, Section 181, states that in accordance with the Behave code of conduct, directors, secretaries, and other business officials must use their authority and perform their duties in good faith, for the benefit of the company, and with acceptable justification. A director’s use of his or her authority to assist oneself, another person, or a particular area of the firm, for example, may be seen to be in violation of this pledge, albeit it is unclear how. In accordance with Section 184(1) of the Corporations Act, if this responsibility is not met due to the carelessness or purposeful dishonesty of the director or other official, it is a crime, which is the reason for its classification as a crime. When performing their duties, directors and other officers must use reasonable caution and due diligence at all times, regardless of the circumstances. This is stated in Section 180 of the Corporations Act. This definition of “fair” relates to the degree of care and attention that a reasonable individual in a comparable position in a firm would devote to a scenario such as the one described in this definition.

c. What legal remedies might be available to Annabelle if the expansion goes ahead, and Blue loses money as a result?

There are penalties under the Corporations Act that can be worth up to $200,000 if you don’t do what you should. Depending on the situation, officers may also be required to pay compensation or account for gains under the common law and the Corporations Act if they are in charge of the company. Directors may also lose their jobs in this situation. If a director or officer makes a business decision in good faith and for a valid purpose, the need that they use reasonable care and diligence in connection to that decision is met. A significant personal interest in the subject matter of the decision is also needed of directors. They must, to the degree that they reasonably feel is appropriate, educate themselves on the subject matter of the decision. The director must logically think that the decision is in the corporation’s best interests. As a director, Chris fell short of the requisite levels of care, expertise, and thoroughness by failing to act in good faith and for the benefit of Blue. Chris should have, at the very least, engaged in AAB’s audit report and have a working understanding of its operations. It can be proven in court that Chris displayed unethical behavior brought to their knowledge must be examined.