Exam 2 Prep Sheet

Exam 2 Prep Sheet

This prep sheet is a general guide for your exam. Please know this review sheet may not be completely reflective of your exam. As mentioned in class and on my syllabus, students are responsible for reading the assigned material and reviewing lecture material. This prep sheet is optional, but intended to help you prepare for the exam. As a general rule, students should focus mostly on topics that are presented in class and the concepts that are on the chapter handouts (posted on Canvas).

The exam will cover Ch. 5, 6, and 8 (it is important that you check handouts for exact sections).

Questions with a * are typically a short answer questions on your exam.

Bring one scantron form AND one small blue book.

Bring all your stamped chapter notes for credit.

Exam Breakdown:

60 Multiple Choice = 60 points

5 Short Answers= 40 points (see * below)

Ch. 6 (MC #1-20)

What is habituation?

What is sensitization?

What is classical conditioning?

What is an unconditioned stimulus?

What is an unconditioned response?

What is a neutral stimulus?

What is a conditioned stimulus?

What is a conditioned response?

What do we know about the importance of timing the presentation of the neutral stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus?

What is acquisition?

When given a scenario, be able to explain the US, UR, NS, CS, and CR. What is extinction? What is spontaneous recovery? *

What is shaping? What would happen in the process of shaping? What are primary reinforcers and secondary reinforcers? Give examples of each. *

What is stimulus discrimination?

What is stimulus generalization?

What is a phobia?

What is systematic desensitization?

What is counterconditioning?

What were the findings of the “Little Albert” case?

What is a Skinner box?

What is operant conditioning?

What is positive reinforcement?

What is negative reinforcement?

What is positive punishment?

What is negative punishment?

Be able to identify above four when given scenarios.

What is the most effective method?

What is law of effect?

What is shaping? What is a primary reinforcer and a secondary reinforcer and what is the difference? *

What is observational learning?

What is modeling?

What is vicarious learning?

Ch. 8 (MC #21-40)

What are the three memory stores (i.e., sensory storage, short-term storage, and long-term storage). Be able to name, describe, and discuss the duration & capacity of each. *

What are the three phases of information processing in memory (i.e., encoding, storing, retrieval)?

What is chunking?

What is elaborative rehearsal vs. maintenance rehearsal?

What is the primacy effect?

What is the recency effect? What is chunking?

What is prospective memory?

What is retrograde amnesia vs anterograde amnesia?

What is explicit memory? What are episodic memories? What are semantic memories?

What are procedural memories?

What are prospective memories?

What are the processes that affect access of memories in long-term storage?

What are retrieval cues?

What are context-dependent memories?

What are state-dependent memories?

What are the ways in which we forget?

What is absentmindedness?

What is blocking or tip-of-the tongue phenomenon?

What is interference (i.,e., proactive interference and retroactive interference)?

What is persistence? What is PTSD?

Name and discuss the ways in which our memories can be distorted. Provide examples of each. *

Ch. 5 (MC #41-60)

What is sensation? What is perception?

What is transduction?

After transduction, neural signals pass through which part of the brain (except for smell)?

What is the absolute threshold vs. the difference threshold?

What is Weber’s Law?

What is sensory adaption?

What is the retina?

What is the iris and pupil responsible for?

What are rods? Cones?

What are ganglion cells?

What is opponent processing theory?

What is Gestalt psychology?

What are the Gestalt principles of grouping?

What is temporal coding?

The primary auditory cortex is located in what brain lobe?

What is the eardrum responsible for?

What is the cochlea?

What is the vestibular sense?

What are papillae?

Taste buds are located on what part of the body? Approximately how many does the average person have?

What are the five main tastes?

What is the epithelium?

What is the olfactory bulb and it’s function?

What is the amygdala? How is it related to memories?

What is the kinesthetic sense?

What are slow fibers? What are fast fibers? What types of pain are they associated with?

When experiencing an injury, when are you more likely to experience the most pain?

Research has shown that what method is the best to help manage pain?

Study the steps in the sensation and perception of the senses we learned about during group presentations. Be able to explain the entire process from start to finish. Be able to walk me through an entire process (including anatomy, what sensory receptors, what part of the brain it is processed in, etc.).*