Describe the culture of the Iroquois Indians






Describe the culture of the Iroquois Indians

The Iroquois were a famous tribe and they had five tribes before the colonization of Europe occurred. They were a tribe known for their outstanding military and political organization, as well as the elevated role of women and complex lifestyle. A lot of energy was spent by the tribe trying to kill and fight each other. Based upon their oral traditions, the five tribes came together and formed an extremely powerful confederation. They even went ahead and formed a political system that was quite elaborate. This system included the representatives made up of the Onandaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Seneka and the Mohawk tribes. The system also had a bicameral legislature, which was adapted from the American and British legislature. The Iroquois Indians were a community that engaged in agriculture in order to obtain their food. The women had quite a special role in the production of food. There was a belief that women had a connection to the earth and creation of life. Therefore, the women determined how food was to be distributed in this farming society. Women were responsible for the selection of the Confederacy sachems. Furthermore, the Indians all went to hunt together in order to supplement their food crops. This means that they had a matrilineal society and when a marriage did not work, the family went and lived at the mother’s house. In fact, lineage was traced from the woman’s side of the family. Finally the Iroquois Indians had mourning wars, which were quite unique in every aspect. The people who were to fight during wars, as well as other members of the society could mourn for quite a long time.

What were the effects of the seven years of war?

It is a known fact the war had adverse effects upon everyone who participated in one way or the other. Most of the fighting in North America ended, in the year 1760, on September 8. During this time, the parts of Canada and Montreal were surrendered by Marquis de Vaudreil to Britain. This marked the end of the Indian and French war once the Treaty of Paris was signed. The war greatly affected the social, governmental, political and economical relations between Spain, France, Britain, their colonists and colonies, as well as the natives that lived in the claimed territories. Britain and France suffered financially because of the war and the consequences were long-term. The seven years that the war took place nearly doubled the national debt of Britain. In order to pay for the debts, the Crown imposed taxes on all of its colonies. However, there was resistance upon its introduction and even troops were called to ensure that the troops were safe. It is because of such incidents that the American Revolutionary War started. The various colonists were able to strengthen their colonies because of the extreme power that they had once the war had ended. Finally, Native Americans started forming close relationships with colonists who had earlier on given them trouble. Boundary lines were created as a result of the land reclamation and they were meant to be temporary. The native Indians could now live in their lands without having to fear that they would driven away from it. Indeed, the war had negative and positive effects that would forever leave a mark in history.