CS101 – Theoretical Concepts in Chicanao Studies

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CS101 – Theoretical Concepts in Chicana/o Studies

How do you study THEORY in Chican@ Studies?

To study theory, one uses the Mexican@ / Chican@ peoples of Abya Yala’s northern continent as my main topic. Indigenous to Abya Yala, nicknamed the “Américas,” a self-definition and intellectual self-determination on the side of Indo-mestizo-mulatto-hispano peoples of Mexican ancestry (Macias).

It’s possible to think of “Chican@” as referring to at least three different things.

According to Chican@s, their sense of self-identification as a people is informed by both a political awareness of self-identification for self-determination and a self-avowed right to reclaim and revitalize such subjectivities in the face of opposing forces. There is no other academic field that can claim to be as distinctive as Chicano studies, with its emphasis on practical, critical, and activist research.

Fragmentation and separation from community / barrio social justice reform result from a greater emphasis on the person vs. the people hood. Over-generalizations of the individual’s experience due to a lack of connectedness to the social or communal components.

The “privileges & oppression olympics” matrix tends to disregard different subjectivities and diverse identities in favor of single, essentialist, inter-sectional identities. Arbiters and judges of other people’s identities tend to form. A “linguistic determinism” that obviates variances in experiences, pre-determining empirical status, actions, and even experiences, is a result of the impact of western-centric post-colonial literary theories and post-modern theories. The underlying “Euro-Western-centric epistemologies” of identity studies and its reflected single identity politics lead to false equivalencies that are easier to accept and promote because they are exclusive (rather than inclusive), categorical, and opposed to alternative inter-sectional identities. In an effort to delegitimize these subjects, detractors frequently use it as a simplistic definition of Ethnic Studies.

What is the difference between Chican@ Studies with la perspectiva chicana, and disciplinary Chicanology, and Chican@ Identity Studies?

In Chicana and Chicano Studies, people of Mexican ancestry in the United States and Latin America are studied, analyzed, and understood in terms of their diverse lived experiences, cultural productions, and social places. As a result, it situates this research within the broader framework of globalization as well as the boundaries and transnationalities that define the United States of America. Methods, methodologies, frameworks, and reference materials are drawn from a variety of fields and disciplines. These frameworks are intrinsically comparable to those of other groups in a similar position, and their breadth is extensive. It has origins in the humanities, the social sciences, the performing arts, and the professions, among others.

Disciplinary Chicanology has been deeply rooted in a variety of disciplinary origins, and as a result, it offers a diverse range of challenges and techniques that need not just interdisciplinarity but also an understanding of the field’s evolution, as well as its own set of ideas and ways to scholarship creation.

How were the Chican@ (Student) Movement demands for institutional changes and epistemological corrections in the public schools, reflected in the development of a new intellectual “paradigm” called Chican@ Studies, especially as envisioned by El Plan de Santa Bárbara?

Students and faculty at numerous schools around the United States began to build new courses, programs, and research centers in Chicana/o Studies as early a 1960s. In the year following the first Chican@ high school walkouts, the Chican@ Movement focused on consolidating these activities and promoting them to other institutions through the Chican@ Movement, by describing these changes taking place at the tertiary level of schooling and sharing syllabi of some new courses and proposals for the new departments and organized research units established in California in each of the three segments of higher education. The publishing of the proceedings greatly aided and spurred the construction and spread of similar courses and programs across the state and the rest of the nation.

A multilingual student, learner-centered methodology was used in Chican@ Studies teaching, which tried to be distinct in content and instruction. It has been difficult for us to grasp, explain, or reach this aim because of the way we educate and the way we like to learn. For him, it was imperative that the program’s creators and administrators be Chicano students, instructors, administrators, workers, and members of the local community. Because their goals dictated the design and growth of such initiatives, they did so. Universities and colleges can only react to today’s pressing social issues in an equitable and efficient manner if they adopt this strategy. A strategy like this would allow educational institutions to live up to their mission statement, which calls for a broadening of the diversity of their student bodies and a strengthening of their sense of belonging in society.

What were the dominant (hegemonic) epistemologies (ideologies, paradigms) that guided the images, and theories, about Mexicans inside and outside the academy before Chican@ Studies?

Social activism in the 1960s and 1970s, including the Chican@ Movement, peaked between around 1965 and 1975, according to some. Many others claim that the Movement hasn’t stopped and that the level of action has simply increased in intensity. New areas of study for Chican@ Studies were born out of the Chican@ student movement and educational effort to correct intellectual and academic omissions, mistakes, and intellectual aggression against Chican@s. Inequalities of Chican@s were mostly explained by Anglo-American and White researchers during the course of the 20th century as a result of biological, cultural, and environmental-structural determinism.

La Perspectiva Chicana/The Chican@ Perspective

Chican@ Studies, like many other fields, evolved into a viewpoint epistemology as it matured. Epistemology, in its simplest form, is the study of how we come to know what we know, how we acquire that information, and how we organize that knowledge. Keep in mind why Chican@ Studies was created and why we need to build Chican@ ideas in knowledge, production of knowledge and organization so that we may better understand ourselves and utilize this knowledge to shape our futures. From a Chicano point of view, epistemology from the viewpoint of Chicano Studies/la perspectiva chicana is not a single point of view, but rather a multiple and comparative one. The link between Chican@ Studies and other Indigenous epistemologies and knowledge systems is of essential comparative importance, particularly in opposition to the dominant Western or Eurocentric epistemology.

Chican@ Studies has always sought to learn more about human behavior, languages, social systems, and life on Earth via research, teaching, scholarship, and service. Encouragant an active role in discovering Alternative Routes to better understand and reshape reality. In order to recognize the different expressions of the human experience and the many faces of the human family, and to contribute to a more fair and equitable future for everyone, we must equip our people with the talents, information and concepts necessary to navigate an increasingly complicated world. We can all make a difference in a more fair and equal society by collectively opposing ignorance and promoting knowledge. People whose voices are frequently drowned out by the cacophony of everyday life must be given a platform. It is important to continue these dialogues on multilingualism in the South.

How did Peñalosa (1970), Forbes (1973), Barrera (1974), Gómez-Quiñones (1971), & Del Castillo (1974)emergent paradigm called

Chican@ Studies and la perspectiva chicana/the chican@ perspective?, contribute to changes in research questions, model problems and solutions, and theoretical frames of reference for a shift, from disciplinary Chicanology to an emergent paradigm called Chican@ Studies and la perspectiva chicana/the chican@ perspective?

After the civil rights movement of the 1960s, there emerged a new academic body of work that challenged established academic ideas, not only because they were derogatory and insensitive to the needs of Chicanos, but because they perpetuated a dominating worldview. There are certain criticisms that may be leveled at these early works, despite their promise, for not going far enough or providing other theoretical frameworks and formulations. In retrospect, the protest literature looks more reactive than proactive. There is an agreement that Chicano alternative viewpoints, models, and/or paradigms are needed to counter current prejudices and misunderstandings about the community. A Chicano sociology need not exist, but alternatives should be wide-ranging and cross-disciplinary. As a result, the viewpoint should promote an optimistic image of Chicanos as historical contributors and active participants in modern society. We are never fully free from our subjectivity, according to all authors, who argued that Chicano sociology (or Chicano studies) undermines objectivity in the social sciences. Everyone was in agreement that the assimilation and acculturation models, among others, do not accurately reflect Chicanos and that Chicano viewpoints should be critical of mainstream theories that do.

Works Cited

Cadena, Gilbert, et al. CHICANO SOCIOLOGY: A CRITICAL EVALUATION and SYNTHESIS of CHICANO PARADIGMS*.

Macias, Reynaldo. How Do You Study THEORY in Chican@ Studies?

Macías, Reynaldo. Dialogues on Decolonizing Linguistic Studies and Southern Multilingualisms.

—. El Grito En Aztlán: Voice and Presence in Chicana/O Studies.