Correctional Models

Correctional Models



Correctional Models

Correctional models are purposefully used to aid in reintroducing offers back to society. This program came up to assist offenders to transit from jail into society, finding jobs and connecting to their families and the community (Lambert, Kim, Keena, & Cheeseman, 2017). The individuals at correction centers usually have complex needs such as abuse of substances, mental disorder, lack of jobs, and lack of shelter or home. Correctional models believe that jails do not rehabilitate offenders but do the opposite, encouraging similar behavior that led the offender to be in that place. There are various correctional methods and there is a model.

In the context of the criminal justice system, recidivism has been a critical challenge for criminal justice professionals. Recidivism is an act of an individual going back to illegal activities after being released from the earlier mistake. The most effective correctional model to aid in the reduction of recidivism is the medical treatment model. There was research on the recidivism rates of 620 workers that didn’t have any treatment for some hours in several weeks. The offenders were risked to re-offend and criminogenic wants were checked and the victims were assigned various levels of treatment intensity. The provision of treatment is adequate and enhances public safety. Providing treatment programs is vital at multiple lengths to accommodate offenders’ diversity, unlike depending on the other models. The assessment of victims and matching them with enough dosage of treatment is vital (Pauli, Essemyr, Sörman, Howner, Gustavsson, & Liljeberg, 2018). There should be attention to ensure the evaluation of both the risks and check the appropriate amount of treatment that will impact recidivism and be cost-effective. 

The combined interventions that have been offered inside and out of prison are vital to reducing recidivism. Clinical interventions are essential in coming up with a significant change. Offenders are supposed to understand the need for having treatment and they should have a positive mentality towards mental health plans as well as being comfortable to be treated. Treatment addresses the unique needs of a victim and their chances of reoffending. Justice reinvestment is a program committed to undoing the effects of public incarceration; thus, it hopes to pivot correctional plans, thus reducing recidivism by using evidence-based practice. The program is hoping to expand access to plans and participate in reducing recidivism. Some interventions have been implemented to help curb substance abuse, such as dialectic behavioral therapy, which is the most efficient treatment to aid in abuse sickness. 

Group counseling is significant and several group therapies are implemented. It is preferred to provide treatment to juveniles that have outstanding defects such as aggressiveness, emotionally despondent, and sex offenders. The particular varieties of group treatment can be used in juveniles through group interactions, analysis, peer culture, family therapies, and different personal aid counseling (Ward, 2017). Cognitive-behavioral therapy explores the actions and thoughts of an individual. When such treatment is applied to offenders, the victim’s characteristics, setting, and manner of implementing therapy will be used. Medical models suggest that mental disorders are due to physiological factors. Psychiatrists have used primarily medical models and it aids in the treatment of mental disorders. Medication is mostly used in treatment. The medical model has focused mainly on genetics, among many others. The model relates to mental conditions with the functioning of the brain. Hallucination can be categorized as a cause of an ailment. 


Lambert, E. G., Kim, B., Keena, L. D., & Cheeseman, K. (2017). Testing a gendered model of job satisfaction and work stress among correctional officers. Journal of crime and justice, 40(2), 188-203.

Pauli, M., Essemyr, K., Sörman, K., Howner, K., Gustavsson, P., & Liljeberg, J. (2018). Gendered expressions of psychopathy: Correctional staffs’ perceptions of the CAPP and CABP models. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 17(2), 97-110.

Ward, T. (2017). Prediction and agency: The role of protective factors in correctional rehabilitation and desistance. Aggression and violent behavior, 32, 19-28.