American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principle of Integrity

American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principle of Integrity

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American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principle of Integrity

The American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct consist of general principles that guide psychologists towards the highest ideals of psychology (PSYCHOLOGISTS, 2016). The principles guide psychologists in applying ethical standards in various roles. One of these principles is integrity. The principle of integrity allows psychologists to promote accuracy, truthfulness, and honesty in psychology in general. Integrity is an individual trait that enables psychologists to be upright in their character. Integrity, as defined in the American Psychological Association, guides psychologists not to engage in activities that involve fraud, acts of cheating, and intentional misinterpretation of facts. By applying this principle, psychologists can stick to their ethical values and avoid unclear commitments. Also, psychologists need to own up to their mistakes in case of any misconduct and take responsibility.

As a guide to psychologists, the purpose of integrity is to enable them to behave ethically in the roles they are given. First of all, integrity allows psychologists to find means of promoting the accuracy of facts. For example, psychologists take reasonable steps in ensuring that their reports are accurate. They ensure that the research conducted and their findings are valid. Psychologists also ensure the identity of service providers are accurately provided. When it comes to teaching, psychologists take reasonable steps in ensuring the information provided in the course syllabi is accurate. Accuracy of facts and information provided as part of the subject matter enables students to fulfill course requirements. Integrity is also important because it allows psychologists to provide accurate information concerning their research proposals according to the approved research protocol.

Integrity promotes truthfulness among psychologists. In research, psychologists are discouraged from conducting research that involves deception. They are also expected no to deceive any prospective participant taking part in their research. Duplication of data is also avoided by psychologists who are keen to follow the general principle of integrity. They avoid publishing any data that has been published as their original data. It is considered an offense and can lead to severe consequences.

Honesty is another important aspect of the principle of integrity. Psychologists do not engage in any form of false or deceptive statements (PSYCHOLOGISTS, 2016). Fabricating data goes against the principle of integrity and the American Psychological Association’s ethical codes of conduct as a whole. Integrity also plays an important role in enabling psychologists to avoid plagiarism at all costs. Psychologists are discouraged from presenting work that is not their own as their original work.

However, some psychologists may find themselves in situations where they behave unethically and show no integrity signs. In such a case, the psychologist violates the rule of conduct described by the American Psychological Association Ethics Code. An ethical dilemma arises when two values found in the ethical principles are in a conflict situation. In one scenario, a psychologist may disclose confidential information to another party over the individual’s safety that might be affected directly through the disclosure of such information. Here the psychologist chooses safety over confidentiality. Another psychologist would respond ethically in the same dilemma by weighing both values and keeping both in mind before deciding. As much as the situation proves to be challenging, the most ethical psychologist would wait for the dilemma to unfold before deciding that might affect the other party.